Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research - TNO
TNO (Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO) is one of the major contract research organisations in Europe. With a staff of approximately 3500 people and an annual turnover of 580 million Euros, TNO is carrying out research in order to achieve impact on the following seven themes: Healthy Living, Industrial Innovation, Transport and Mobility, Energy, Built Environment, Information Society, and Defense, Safety and Security.
TNO functions as an intermediary between basic research organisations and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and government. TNO is involved in many international projects (about 30% of the market turnover), including EU-funded collaborations. In the research group of Strategy and Policy (TNO-S&P) the main activities are focused on technology, innovation and sustainability policies and strategies for governments, companies and knowledge organisations.
Its research staff has the following competences:
- Innovation system analyses and foresight,
- Management/governance of complex systems and sustainability transitions, and;
- (Environmentally extended) economic analyses, based on a vast array of databases and models (CGE and econometric models e.g. RAEM, EDIP, GEM E3,other).